Two generations later, GRID has developed into everything we have actually come to understand as HIV/AIDS. Nonetheless, even though the condition not any longer stays restricted entirely to gay and men that are bisexual the stark reality is that this section associated with populace could be the one many afflicted with this epidemic. Within the seminal 1998 american article that is psychologist Walter Batchelor warned that вЂњAIDS nevertheless attacks homosexual and bisexual men in great numbersвЂќ (p. 854). It really is truly alarming that three decades later on, HIV/AIDS remains predominantly a homosexual and bisexual disease in this nation (Halkitis, 2010b). This burden becomes amply clear whenever we look at the data that are epidemiological. Even though homosexual and bisexual males constitute roughly 2вЂ“4 per cent regarding the U.S. male population 18вЂ“44 years old (Chandra, Mosher, Copen, & Sionean, 2011), MSM, mainly gay and bisexual men, take into account a lot more than 50 per cent of most AIDS situations and all sorts of HIV infections and 57 % brand new HIV infections (CDC, 2011b).
Discrimination and homophobia as factors behind HIV
Despite increased presence, acceptance and present advances that are sociopolitical homosexual and bisexual males continue steadily to are now living in a culture that privileges heterosexuality while denigrating nonheterosexual relationships, actions and identities (Herek, Gillis, & Cogan, 2009). Because of this, our populace will continue to manage stigma hardly ever experienced by our counterparts that are heterosexual. Oppressive social structures and inequalities impacting homosexual and bisexual males have already been implicated in perpetuating not just the HIV epidemic but also rates of anal cancer tumors, Hepatitis B, individual papillomavirus (HPV) and lymphogranulma vernreum (LGV) infections, syphilis, gonorrhea and Hepatitis C (Wolitski & Fenton, 2011).